Vijayanagara has administered their Western beach or the Tulunadu area from two states or Rajya:
Mangalore Rajya and Barkuru Rajya, Whereas Mangalore, nonetheless stands tall as one of many bigger cities of Karnataka. Barkur of as we speak is only an assortment of villages amidst ruins.
In its wonderful time, Barkur had 365 temples for 365 days in 12 months – It has mentioned the king by no means visited the identical temple twice in 12 months. The massive fort has constructed by Harihara – the founding father of the Vijayanagar empire – is as we speak in ruins.
It had a Jain Basadi (under) for the Jain group, resembling the Jain Basadi of Halebid. It had lakes for contemporary water and numerous quarters for numerous trades. There was a Persian guild has referred to as Henjamana.
Barkur shot to fame because of the third capital of the Tuluva Alupa dynasty. They have constructed many of the temples of the city.
Alupas – Who has dominated Tulunad for 700 years – had been the feudatories of the bigger Karnataka powers, be it Kadamba or Rashtrakuta or Chalukya or Hoysalas. From Alupas, energy has handed to the Vijayanagara, who had a viceroy in Barkur. From them, energy passes to Keladi after which to Hyder.
The temple type like many Tulunadu temples is Gajaprashta type (i.e. resembling the again of an elephant)
However most significantly, the traditional metropolis of Barkur – a pure harbor between Sita and Swarna rivers – can also be a reminder of Karnataka’s maritime heritage.
Honnavar, Bhatkal, Basrur, Barkur, Mangalore, and so forth exported rice, pepper, areca, and gems to lands each far (Eden, Hormuz) and close to (Malabar).
Ibn Battuta – who visited the Kanara coast (Barkur he calls Fakanur) at an attention-grabbing time. When energy was transitioning from Hoysalas to Vijayanagara – notices “pirate” kingdoms in Barkur that has demanded passing ships pay a price.
However, Ibn himself has handled it properly. He has noticed that the street he took – all the best way from Karwar to Kannur – was underneath the shade of bushes, with water to drink and frequent benches to catch a breath.
John Murray’s information to Madras Presidency, 1857, narrates a narrative the King of Hampi would sit on a Talismanic throne in Barkur yearly. On one event he discovered his prime minister there.
The Portuguese Os Lusíadas – which celebrates the conquest of the Portuguese – talks of the victory of Sampaio towards one Kutti Ali of Malabar in Barkur (Bacanore). Apparently, the entire city was burnt then.
So the significance of Barkur to Karnataka historical past:
- The site of historical megalithic sites.
- Puranic affiliation with Saint Markandeya and Parashurama.
- A flourishing port on the Kanara coast.
- The web site of the primary full-length inscription in Kannada of the Alupa dynasty – Vaddarase eighth century.
- A quick Chola conquest, however, it’s much less impactful right here than different components of Karnataka.
- Capital of Alupa dynasty from the 11th century.
- Capital of a Vijayanagara Province, the essential port of Vijayanagara.
- Websites of many tussles with the Portuguese.
- Capital of a Keladi province 16th century.
- The 19th-century interval of decline.